THE BONE OF CONTENTION: THE DEVILS, JINN, DEMONS

“And on the Day when He will gather them all together (and say): ‘O you assembly of jinn! Many did you mislead of men…The Fire will be your dwelling place…” Q. 6:128

Let’s face it, we have to put aside any sentiment or personal reason and take it from a scriptural standpoint that the devils are jinn. In fact, the Holy Qur-an has truly provided a convincing evidence, so this fact is no longer a controversial issue. It is proclaimed: “And to Solomon (We subjected) the wind…and the Jinn that worked in front of him, by the Leave of his Lord…” Q.34:12-13 The Good Book has further stated: “They followed what the Shayatin (devils) gave out (falsely of magic) in the life-time of Sulaiman (Solomon)…” Q. 2:102

The question that naturally arises is this: Are all jinn devils? I think this is the controversy, so we need to offer convincing “bayaanat” (explanation), just for once.

The proponents of the benevolence of jinn are of the view that jinn are good spirits. For them, only the devils (bad spirits) are demons, Satan’s offspring. Thus according to them, the two terms “the devils” and “jinn” are antonymous.

Let’s try to scratch beneath the surface. What is obvious is that the devils are the offspring of Satan, but what is beyond that is whether he (Satan) is the father of all jinn or not.

Isn’t Prophet Adam (pbuh) the father (origin) of both good and bad people? Of course yes! So we need to look beyond what is obvious, needn’t we?

Necessarily, we ought to clear up the misconception that Satan is a Creation of the later generation of jinn. First of all, the Originator of Creation, Allah the Almighty, started and completed primary (original) Creation in six Days, during which Iblis was created. Also, Prophet Adam’s Creation was preceded by Satan’s. Besides, jinn procreate; they produce their young ones—Allah repeats Creation through reproduction (Secondary Creation), of which the Devil was no part. And indeed, Iblis (Satan) was the only known jinni among the angels; so in all probability, he (Satan) is the origin of all jinn. Need I say more?

“Shayatin” are the devils, so it is obvious that “Shaitan” (Satan), their father, is the Devil. And as long as it is true that the devils, the Devil’s offspring, are demons, the Devil is no any other creature but a demon.

Obviously, if jinn are kind creatures, how could they, not the devils, be inmates of the Evil End, the Hell Fire? I think the following Qur-anic Verse has left nothing to the imagination: “…but the Word from Me took effect (about wrong-doers), that I will fill Hell with jinn….” Q. 32:13

What then do we say of Satan when jinn are said to be good spirits?

The reality is that Satan is a jinni; therefore, the benevolence of jinn is doubtful. It is proclaimed: And {remember} when We said to the angels: “Prostrate yourselves unto Adam. So they prostrated themselves except Iblis {Satan}. He was one of the jinn; he disobeyed the commandments of his Lord…” Q. 18:50

The protagonists of piety and righteousness of jinn have further claimed that there are two Paradise, for jinn and mankind respectively. They often quote “But for such as fear…There will be two Gardens” (Q. 55:46) to explain the merit of their viewpoint, forgetting that there are other two main Gardens, making the number of Gardens four.

In fact, there are two Gardens of fruits and two Gardens of springs which contain Paradise. Thus there is no justification whatsoever to maintain that the jinn have their own Paradise, which they will inherit; and that the two Gardens are two Paradise. The Almighty said, “And besides these two, there are two other Gardens.” Q. 55:62

Let’s accept the truth; there is no special Paradise for the jinn; and indeed, their going to Paradise was implied rather than stated explicitly. Allah insists: “And surely, We created many of the jinn and mankind for Hell…They are the heedless ones.” Q. 7:179

The following excerpt from “The Jinn: In the Qur’an and the Sunna,” by Mustafa Ashour, has added further dimensions to the controversy about the jinn’s entry to Paradise: “Ibn Mufla says in his book Al- Furu, ‘In principle, the jinn are responsible for their actions. Those of them whodisbelieve will enter the Fire and those of them who believe will enter the Garden according to Malik and ash-Shafi, may Allah be pleased with them.

They do not become dust like the animals, and the reward of those of them who believe is that they are saved from the Fire. This is contrary to the opinion of Abu Hanifa…The apparent meaning of the first position is that the jinn are in the Garden just as others are, commensurate with their reward, contrary to those like Mujahid who say that they neither eat nor drink in it or, like Umar ibn Abdul-Aziz, that they are on the outskirts of the Garden…’ “ (Vol. 2, p. 222)

And according to Abu Darda (RA), the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, “Allah created three types of jinn. One type includes snakes and scorpions and creeping things of the earth. One type is like the wind in the air. Another type is subject to reckoning punishment.”

In all seriousness, we need to think beyond our own expectations or perceptions by confronting them with Guidance, the Divine Truth. As a matter of fact, Allah, through Angel Gabrael, revealed to The Prophet (pbuh) that a group of jinn had listened to his Qur-anic recitation and as a result declared their Faith. Of course, such a Narrative only points to the fact that the jinn themselves asserted that some of them were righteous, whereas the remaining ones were unrighteous; or while some were Muslims, others were non-Muslims. Here is the account of what the jinn said, the Narrative: “…they said: ‘Verily, we have heard a wonderful recitation (Qur’an)! It guides to the Right Path, and we have believed therein, and we shall never join (in worship) anything with our Lord (Allah)…There are among us some that are righteous, and some the contrary; we are groups having different ways (religious sects)… ‘And of us some are Muslims (who have submitted to Allah, after listening to…Qur’an), and of us some are Al Qasitun (disbelievers—those who have deviated from the Right Path).’ And whosoever has embraced Islam (i.e. has become a Muslim by submitting to Allah), then such have sought the Right Path. And as for the Qasitun (disbelievers who deviated from the Right Path), they shall be firewood for Hell.” Q. 72:1-15 (Also, see Q. 46:29-32 for similar statements of the jinn, which are a Narrative.)

Now, the self-same question is, Is the above-mentioned Narrative a confirmation of piety and righteousness of jinn?

If “Yes,” then the following Narrative is also a confirmation of benevolence of Satan, the Devil: “And (remember) when Shaitan (Satan) made their (evil) deeds seem fair to them…But when the two forces came in sight of each other, he ran away and said…Verily, I fear Allah for Allah is severe in punishment.” Q. 8:48

If “No,” then the account of what they said alone might not be a measure of Faith; that might be sincere or insincere. (Also see Q. 2:14)

It is against this background that Believers in Islamic Monotheism are strictly forbidden to invoke the devils (jinn); and indeed, The Prophet (pbuh) himself was cautioned against such a practice. Here is Allah’s direct Statement: “And when the slave of Allah (Muhammad—pbuh) stood up invoking Him (his Lord—Allah) in Prayer, they (the Jinn) just made round him a dense crowd as if sticking one over the other (in order to listen to the Prophet’s recitation. Say (O Muhammad—pbuh): ‘I invoke only my Lord (Allah Alone), and I associate none as partners along with Him.’ ” Q. 72:19-20

Honestly, merely listening to The Prophet’s Qur-anic recitation in Prayer without actually joining him in it could not make the jinn pious and righteous. That is not conclusive, is it?

Perhaps, what are often said to be benevolent jinn are no better than the incarnation of evil. This is so because their aiding humans in acquiring wealth (stolen money, gold, etc.), in seeking protection, in revealing people’s secrets, in bewitching people by casting evil spells on them, in producing evens during sleep—nightmare, in healing patients, or in exorcising evil spirits results in spiritual and moral wretchedness on the part of humans.

No wonder False Worship, manipulation of emotions resulting in demoniacal or uncontrolled behaviour, injustice, etc. are endemic in our society.

Let’s now measure the above-mentioned Narrative against the following direct Statements of Allah to see whether we are on course or not: “I (Allah) made them (Iblis and his offspring) not to witness (nor took their help in) the creation of the heavens and the earth and not (even) their own creation, nor was I (Allah) to take the misleaders as helpers.” Q.18:51 Moreover, “…Verily, We made the Shayatin (devils) Auliya (protectors and helpers) for those who believe not.” Q. 7:27

The bottom-line is that even if some jinn are pious and righteous and therefore benevolent, being in association with them involves invocation. In fact, requesting or using the occult power of jinn is a misdirected invocation, which is False Worship (“Shirk”). Therefore, to attribute benevolence to those jinn who aid “occult malams” in performing mysterious actions is beyond all reason.

Indeed, Satan is a jinni, according to Qur-an 18:50; the devils, Satan’s undoubted offspring, are jinn, according to Qur-an 34:12-13 and Qur-an 2:102; and it is common knowledge that the devils are demons—they are one and the same thing with different names; therefore, the jinn including Satan are demons.

Truly, the advocates of benevolence of jinn and those who deny that jinn are demons, as well as those who claim that they are dealing with the “good” jinn by invoking them are unable to get any further with their argument because they still have no good reason to support their case, have they?

SUPPLICATION AGAINST THE DEVILS (JINN)

(Spiritual Healing Property of The Holy Qur-an)

And say: “Rabbi A’ udhu Bika Min Hamazaatin Shayatin. Wa A’ udhu Bika Rabbi An Yahduruun.”—“My Lord! I seek refuge with You from the whisperings (suggestions) of the Shayatin (devils). And I seek refuge with You, My Lord! lest they should come near me.” Q. 23:97-98

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